The blood consists of liquid and solid parts. The liquid part is called blood plasma. Which makes up about 60 percent of the blood. The following important components are found in the blood plasma:
- Clotting factors
- numerous metabolic products
If the coagulation factors have been removed from the plasma, it is called blood serum.
The remaining 40 percent of the solid part of the blood is made up of cells. This includes:
- red blood cells ( erythrocytes ): carry oxygen and carbon dioxide and define our blood group
- White blood cells ( leukocytes ): are defense cells and therefore part of the immune system
The following terms are often found on the laboratory results:
In the laboratory, the components of the blood can be separated from one another and examined.
The small blood count determines, among other things, the number of red and white blood cells and platelets. The analysis can point to various diseases, inflammations or deficiency symptoms.
In the complete blood count, the different types of white blood cells are also examined in detail.
When examining the blood, for example, these laboratory values play a role:
- Hemoglobin (Hb)
- Hematocrit (Hk)
- Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
- Erythropoietin (EPO)
All About Blood Donation
One of the diseases that is directly related to the blood is anemia. This can occur if there is too little red blood pigment (hemoglobin) and/or red blood cells (erythrocytes) and thus too little blood cells (hematocrit) in the body. You can find more information on various forms of anemia under the links below:
There are other diseases that affect the blood. These are listed on this page
- Iron deficiency anemia